Quadrotor

Quadrotor helicopter is nothing but a helicopter with four rotors.Actually 'quad ' means 'four' .Quadrotor helicopter is very simple compared to normal helicopter as it does not require tail motor. Controlling tail motor is really a tough task for a normal helicopter ,problem of controlling tail rotor is solved in case of quadrotor helicopter.All the movements of a quadrotor helicopter could be controlled with the help of four rotors used within the machine.






The Brushless Controller
In total there are four Brushless Controllers (BL-Ctrl) needed for the quadcopter. Each controller controls a brushless motor. Brushless motors don't use brushes for energy-distribution to the rotor. In contrary to the motors with brushes, the magnets are rotating while the coils are steady. That's why we can't use a DC current, an AC current with precise pulses is needed to drive the motors. This AC current is provided by the BL-Ctrl. The BL-Controllers are connected to the main board with a bus system (I2C). Each controller has an address, which are used by the main processor to communicate with the BL-controller. It is possible to control the BL-controller with a standard RC-receiver. An input for PPM signals is present .
Features:
  • Controller: AVR ATMEGA8 of Atmel
  • Placed with six 60 Amps MosFets
  • integrated current measurement
  • Current limitation at the DC current-side
  • Designed for approx.110W at 11.1V or 150W at 14,8V (10A continuous)
  • Peak current approx.220W at 11.1V or 300W at 14,8V (20A peak)
  • two LEDs (Okay and Error)
  • Battery voltage sensing with low-voltage detection
  • Software is totally in C
  • As setting point either the rpm can be controlled or set (per PWM)
  • several inputs for setting point


Brushless Motors:
In general, for a Quadcopter four brushless motors are needed. The brushless motors are different from simple d.c. motors because of:
1.      High rpm
2.      Low noise
3.      Better thrust producing capacity
4.      Easily controlled.
5.      Lesser weight.

Propellers:
Two Clockwise (CW) propellers and two Counter Clock Wise (CCW) propellers are needed.
  • Front = Motor #1 and Back = Motor #2 clockwise
  • Right = Motor #3 and Left = Motor #4 counter clockwise
Types:
  • EPP 1045
  • X-Ufo Props

Receivers:
The receiver receives the orders given by the pilot and converts them to electrical signals. These are read by the Flight-Control. A receiver with a summing signal is needed for a quadcopter. This signal contains information of all the channels sent by the transmitter, and has to be available as an output on the receiver to feed the FlightControl mainprint. This summed signal will be processed by the Flight-Control software into separate channels and will be used to drive the Quadcopter.

Transmitter
To control a Quadcopter a transmitter is needed. Any commercial RC-transmitter with at least four channels is usable. A movable axis of a joystick is seen as one channel (f.e. up-down). So two joysticks with two movable axis each are sufficient.
More channels can be controlled with turning or moving potentiometers, or with switches. These can be used to control height, switch lights or control camera-movement.

Frame
A frame is the 'skeleton' of the Quadcopter. The motor-motor distance can vary between 35 cm and 60 cm, depending on motor and propellor size. Frames could be of the following material:
1. Carbon fibre: one of the most costlier material for frame because of its high strength and lower weight.
2. Aluminium: Right now we are using aluminium frame  for our helicopter
 3. Thermocol: Could also be used to make frame

Battery
For power-providing usually Lithium-Polymer batteries or LiPos are used. These types of batteries differ from other types by a light weight combined with high capacity. Handling these batteries is not without any danger, so some rules have to be kept in mind. These types need a special kind of charger, because the charging procedure differs a lot from other types (like NiCad and NiMh). The cells should not be overcharged, neither should they be unloaded to deeply.
To keep the charge difference between cells to a minimum, a balancer must be used. This balancer might be integrated in the charger, or a separate balancer should be attached to the charger. All LiPo-packs have a connector for a balancer.
For a Quadcopter LiPo-packs with three or four cells are used. They have a voltage of 11.1 V or 14.4 V. [[BRR]] Commonly advised:
.Advisable: LiPo 3s 11,1V ca2100mAh, 20C

18 comments:

  1. Great work!
    I always wanted to do something like this, but my main problem is with the batteries. Do you know if it's possible to archive good results with NiMh cells?

    ReplyDelete
  2. the most amazing results will be achieved using LiPo battery(Lithium polmer battery)

    ReplyDelete
  3. most advanced batteries r LiPo batteries....

    ReplyDelete
  4. can u send detail about quadrotor all circuits to deepak_shrestha484@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  5. guys in need of materials and steps tomake it can u send it to kaushkoushik@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  6. i wanted to ask ki from where u ordered these lippo batteries

    ReplyDelete
  7. and i also wanted to enquire about the circuit for gyroscope actually our team is trying with three single axis gyroscope,can u plz mail me to abh0goel@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  8. please have a look at this.you need 3-axis gyro sensor.here is my quad project test video.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIN4H6RB8t4

    ReplyDelete
  9. At present im doin my quad project. we just have designed it and now gonna start fabrication. but dono wr to get materials. hv enquired n 2 placesbut bpth are so costly. can u suggest me the right place to get materials n tamil nadu?

    ReplyDelete
  10. At present im doin my quad project. we just have designed it and now gonna start fabrication. but dono wr to get materials. hv enquired n 2 placesbut bpth are so costly. can u suggest me the right place to get materials n tamil nadu? if u can help us n anyways by sendin any reports or n calculation parts. mail me through sangavisagi@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  11. Hello all. I have made a quadcopter using 3-axis gyroscopes and 3-axis accelerometers. "STABLE". Willing to sell it at Rs. 18000/- including EVERYTHING YOU NEED.
    From Hyderabad, but shipped to any location in INDIA.

    CONTACT ME: 0-9000991695

    ReplyDelete
  12. hiii...i like this quadrotor helicopter for my design project next year...can u help me?iwant to know more about this project,,,if u could reply at my email ad.(semaj_ocir@yahoo.com)..tnx :)

    ReplyDelete
  13. Hi bro...!!!!!
    I want to work on "Quadrotor". You have done an impressive work on it. I m sure that u will be of great help for me in my project.

    Kindly brief me about followings:

    1- Brush less DC motors, (its specification or data sheet etc.. )
    2- Transmitter and receiver
    3- Sensors used in it....
    4- Battery
    5- Micro controller

    Also, plzzzz tell me the total cost of your project.......
    I am waiting for your kind EMAIL anxiously... plz plz reply me as soon as u can....

    Thnxxx....
    nm.moon99@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  14. will u please forward the all above to me also >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    shiv10494@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  15. can u please provide me the specifications of the motor you have used

    ReplyDelete
  16. my email id is sharaddhar@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete

There was an error in this gadget